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Table 3 Locational qualities for teams in the NHL and selected other North American cities

From: NHL expansion and fan allegiance: a mathematical modelling study

Locational qualities of NHL teams and selected other North American cities
Team or City Population (millions)a GDP per capitaa Mean cold tempb WINTc a t d b t e H t f h t g
Anaheim ducks 5.552807 $65,052.00 21 0.00 23872.2091 1256.5751 90.2294 0.7639
Arizona coyotes 4.459692 $46,430.00 20 0.00 26569.6757 1330.5856 99.6843 0.8439
Boston bruins 4.725601 $76,204.00 2 1.00 27631.2531 1251.2492 121.9140 1.0321
Buffalo sabres 1.133666 $64,090.00 0 1.00 25899.9405 1241.9735 108.7209 0.9204
Calgary flames 1.401800 $69,826.00 -1 1.00 25566.3899 1229.4164 108.1137 0.9153
Carolina hurricanes 1.244021 $51,729.00 11 0.00 22711.8760 1258.0512 81.4797 0.6898
Chicago blackhawks 9.568133 $58,861.00 -1 1.00 32472.5174 1339.6617 146.8864 1.2435
Colorado avalanche 2.746768 $61,795.00 6 1.00 28460.1760 1281.8863 123.2299 1.0432
Columbus blue jackets 1.988002 $54,780.00 3 1.00 28918.0283 1299.4250 123.8155 1.0482
Dallas stars 6.937652 $59,483.00 14 0.00 25195.9012 1285.8766 95.9845 0.8126
Detroit red wings 4.286134 $48,421.00 0 1.00 32487.1820 1358.8221 142.9022 1.2098
Edmonton oilers 1.320300 $62,832.00 -6 1.00 26458.4329 1251.9393 111.6611 0.9453
Florida panthers 5.905918 $44,480.00 25 0.00 27701.5572 1351.9469 104.9613 0.8886
Los Angeles kings 7.668163 $65,052.00 20 0.00 24583.7917 1267.9831 93.9747 0.7956
Minnesota wild 3.491620 $60,544.00 -5 1.00 29313.3379 1295.4964 127.9965 1.0836
Montreal canadiens 4.011200 $38,867.00 -5 1.00 35078.3776 1413.4876 153.9696 1.3035
Nashville predators 1.785349 $53,193.00 8 0.00 23225.5464 1264.1947 84.3809 0.7143
New Jersey devils 5.419961 $69,915.00 4 1.00 28900.5599 1276.5556 128.1366 1.0848
New York islanders 4.014786 $69,915.00 4 1.00 28121.9798 1265.8737 123.3818 1.0445
New York rangers 10.639183 $69,915.00 4 1.00 30729.9067 1300.8921 139.5018 1.1810
Ottawa senators 1.318400 $44,149.00 -6 1.00 30215.1591 1337.7141 127.5449 1.0798
Philadelphia flyers 6.060560 $57,166.00 5 1.00 31495.4880 1329.9238 140.2113 1.1870
Pittsburgh penguins 2.361681 $58,615.00 2 1.00 28635.7681 1289.2109 123.3417 1.0442
San Jose sharks 1.945539 $82,414.00 14 0.00 19849.6403 1167.1598 72.3077 0.6121
St. Louis blues 2.807760 $50,070.00 4 1.00 30868.6490 1334.4001 133.7837 1.1326
Tampa Bay lightning 2.895946 $44,999.00 21 0.00 25848.9340 1322.3520 95.5281 0.8087
Toronto maple leafs 6.036800 $45,771.00 -1 1.00 34233.6201 1386.5012 152.4071 1.2902
Vancouver canucks 2.476600 $44,337.00 6 1.00 31948.2055 1360.4518 137.8690 1.1672
Washington capitals 6.056296 $73,017.00 6 1.00 28720.5782 1270.1267 127.8298 1.0822
Winnipeg jets 0.778500 $41,719.00 -11 1.00 29421.4851 1332.2235 121.9312 1.0322
Hamilton 0.765228 $35,315.00 -1 1.00 31278.1681 1373.9382 129.5652 1.0969
Kansas City 2.070981 $51,157.00 4 1.00 29783.5302 1317.7477 127.7109 1.0812
Las Vegas 2.051796 $45,744.00 14 0.00 24896.4995 1305.6199 90.9040 0.7696
Québec city 0.797500 $41,907.00 -7 1.00 29436.2287 1331.9975 122.0949 1.0336
Seattle 3.663399 $73,012.00 8 0.00 22007.7246 1215.3763 81.9726 0.6940
MEAN (NHL teams) 4.034628 $57,788.03 5.47 0.700 28171.2056 1298.3985 118.1226 1.0000
  1. Notes: a[25]; bAverage coldest month high temperature [6]; cTeams with average coldest month high temperatures of 6 °Cor less given value of 1, and 0 otherwise; dSee Eq. (11); eSee Eq. (12); fSee Eq. (10); gSee Eq. (13)